A "bibliography" at its most basic is simply a list of books, magazine articles, etc, on a particular subject. For example, at the end of most long encyclopedia articles you will find a listing of books that indicates further reading about the subject of the article. Bibliographies are usually limited by subject, by time (e.g., material published between, say 1920 and 1993), by country, and by form (e.g., including books, but not periodical articles). A library card catalog is also a kind of bibliography listing the items found in the library. Captain Biblio's Bibliography panel is intended to contain bibliographical information regarding items NOT owned by the library. It is a resource for further searching in other libraries for sources of information about a subject. On occasion you may wish to make entries for articles, etc, within your library (e.g,, to keep track of the location of magazine articles on a particular subject.
Biography is a factual story about a real person. If it is written by the person himself, it is called an autobiography. Under the biography call number "92", the books are arranged according to the name of the person written about. The first letters of the biographee's name follow "92" as part of the subject number. This subject number is then followed by the author code.
A collection of biographies classes under the subject number "920".
Note that under the decimal classification system the numbers are sorted in decimal order. In other words "92" will follow everything classed as "91x.xxxx", and before "920".
The call number is the number-letter combination which provides unique identification for each title (i.e.,each intellectual item). (For each title (intellectual item) there may be more than one physical item (the "copies" of the title)).
In card catalogs, the call number is located in the left-hand corner of the card. It is also written on the book it describes so that the book can be put in the proper order on the shelf.
The parts of the call number are the following:
1. The Locator. This is a letter, or letters, indicating most generally, the location of the item within the library. Examples are "R" for reference books which cannot be checked out -- this usually indicates that the item is in the reference section of the library, although sometimes the reference books are interfiled with circulating books -- "J" for Judaica items or "S" for secular items, which are in separate areas of the library.
2. The subject number. In the Dewey Decimal System (which we use) this is called the "Dewey number". Examples are "510" (Mathematics), "512" (Algebra), "FIC" (Fiction books), "XZ" (Picture books).
3. The author code, sometimes called the "Cutter number" (from the letter-number combination system devised by John Cutter). Captain Biblio uses the first two letters of the author's last name.
4. The additional titles suffix is a number following the author code which appears only if the library has more than one book by the same author in the same subject (i.e., with the same subject number). Its purpose is strictly to make each title unique. For example, the library has 2 fiction books written by an author named "Klein". The distinctive call numbers will be "FIC KLEIN 1" and "FIC KLEIN 2" to distinguish the two.
5. The volume number. If a work is divided into more than one volume, each volume will have its own volume number to distinguish it from the other volume(s).
In libraries, the principal list of available materials is called a catalog. A catalog is a list of books, maps, pamphlets, coins, stamps, sound recordings, or materials in any other medium that constitute a collection. Its purpose is to record, describe, and index the holdings of a specific collection. Catalogs are necessary whenever a collection is too large to be remembered item for item. It may be in the form of cards, book, or computer online.
The process of describing an item in the collection, conducting subject analysis, and assigning a classification number.
Cataloging in Publication (CIP)
A program sponsored by the Library of Congress and cooperating publishers; a partial bibliographic description is provided on the verso of the title page of a book.
A cross reference for a particular subject will direct you to different subject headings. A "see" reference tells you that the library does not use the subject heading you looked under and it directs you to the correct one. For example, if you look for a book about tides under "Sea" as the subject, you will see the message "see Ocean". A "see also" reference refers you to a related subject that the library also has. This is to suggest to you that the library has related information you may also be interested in.
The symbols, usually a combination of letters and numbers, used to distinguish items with the same classification number in order to maintain the alphabetical order (by author, title, or other entry) of items on the shelves; sometimes called author number of book number. The word "cutter" is derived from the widespread use of the Tables first devised by C.A.Cutter for use in such alphabetical arragnement.
Dewey Decimal Classification System
The Dewey Decimal Classification System is for classification of the non-fiction items. The hundreds place stands for the large, general category for the item. For example, the numbers between 500-599 are used for books about science (mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, geology, biology). Each of the general classes is subdivided as much as necessary. For example, 510-519 is for mathematics. Further subdivisions can be made. For example, 511 is for arithmetic, 512 for algebra, 513 for geometry,etc. This can be further broken down -- 511.1 for numeration systems, 511.3 for prime numbers, etc..
These are the disciplines or branches of learning associated with "culture" as distinguished from the more practically oriented social sciences and science and technology. They generally class in 100 Philosophy and psychology; 200 Religion; 400 Language; 700 The arts; and 800 Literature.
Reference Questions -- Types
The ready reference question for a single piece of information. Usually only one answer to ready reference questions, usually found in reference books. Research question requires more detailed answer. Readers' advisory question asks for advice from the librarian rather than just information.
This category spans the field of knowledge dealing with the human being as a member of society. Mostly in the 300's, e.g., 310 Statistics; 320 Political Science; 330 Economics; 340 Law; 370 Education; 380 Commerce, etc. Geography and history in the 900's.